Useful Daily Expressions (Roma-ji)

  • Ohayou gozaimas.= Good morning.
    ("ohayou" is from "hayai" early. "Ohayou gozaimasu" is like "You are early.")
  • Konnichiwa.= Good afternoon./Hello. (Used in a daytime)
    (Konnichi = today, "wa" is topic marker. "Konnichiwa" is a short of something like "How are you TODAY?")
  • Kombanwa.= Good evening. ("n" becomes "m" before P, B, M)
    (komban = this evening/tonight, "Kombanwa" is like "How are you TONIGHT?")
  • Dewa, mata.= See you again. (dewa = well then, mata = again)
    Ja, mata.= See you again. (ja = casual of "dewa")
    Jaa(ne).= See you. (more casual)
  • Q: (O)genki desu ka.(o = polite) = How are you?
    A: Arigatou gozaimasu. Genki desu.= Thank you. I'm fine.
    ("(O)genki desu ka" is not used often, because "Konnichi wa" and "Kombanwa" include "How are you?")
  • Douzo.= Please. (Used when you offer something. ex. Here you are. Go ahead.)
  • Sumimasen.= I'm sorry. Excuse me. Pardon?
  • Chotto matte kudasai.= Just a moment, please.
    (chotto = a little, mattekudasai = please wait)
  • Q: Daijoubu desu ka.= OK?
    A: Daijoubu desu.= OK
  • Hai.= Yes.
  • Iie.= No.