ともだち tomodachi = friend

友達 ともだち tomodachi, friend
友達 ともだち tomodachi = friend
1. 友達がたくさんいます。Tomodachi ga takusan imasu. = Lit. There are many friends./(I) have many friends.(imasu → arimasu/imasu)

2. 友達は10人ぐらいいます。Tomodachi wa juu-nin gurai imasu. = Lit. As for friends, there are about ten person.

3. 友達がいません。Tomodachi ga imasen. = Lit. There isn't a friend./(I) don't have a friend.

4. 友達がほしいです。Tomodachi ga hoshii desu. = Lit. (I) want a friend.

5. 友達と勉強しました。Tomodachi to benkyou shimashita. = Lit. (I) studied with (my) friend(s).

6. 明日、友達と買い物に行きます。Ashita, tomodachi to kaimono ni ikimasu. = Lit. Tomorrow, (I) go for shopping with friend(s). (ashita → Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow) 

7. 仲がいい友達が5人います。Nakaga ii tomodachi ga go-nin imasu. = Lit. There are five good friends./(I) have five good friends.

8. 彼は学校の友達です。Kare wa gakkou no tomodachi desu. = Lit. He is (my) friend of school.

9. Aさんは彼女ではありません。ただの友達です。A-san wa kanojo dewa arimasen. Tada no tomodachi desu. = Lit. A-san is not my girlfriend . Just a friend. (tada no ... = just a ...), (kanojo → girlfriend)

10. よく友達と話をします。Yoku tomodachi to hanashimasu. = Lit. Often, with friend(s) (I) talk. (yoku → Frequency)
仲間 なかま nakama = member of a group
1. 私たちはみんな仲間です。Watashitachi wa minna nakama desu. = Lit. We are all nakama.

2. 私たちは同じ学校の仲間です。Watashitachi wa onaji gakkou no tomodachi desu. = Lit. We are the same school's nakama.

3. 私たちはテニス部の仲間です。Watashitachi wa tenisu-bu no nakama desu. = Lit. We are tennis club's nakama.

4. 学生時代の仲間と飲みに行きました。Gakusei jidai no nakama to nomi ni ikimashita. = Lit. With school days's nakama, (I) went to drink.

5. 仲間と5人で食事に行きます。Nakama to go-nin de shokuji ni ikimasu. = Lit. With nakama, five people, (I) go for meal.

6. 彼は私のゴルフ仲間です。Kare wa watashi no gorufu nakama desu. = Lit. He is my golf nakama.

7. 彼女は大切な仲間です。Kanojo wa taisetsu na nakama desu. = Lit.She is (my) important nakama.

8. 彼女は私の仕事仲間です。Kanojo wa watashi no shigoto nakama desu. = Lit.She is (my) work nakama.
先輩 せんぱい sempai = Someone joined the company/schoo/group earlier than I did.
senpai → sempai
"n" becomes "m" in front of P, B, M.

1. 彼は私の先輩です。Kare wa watashi no sempai desu. = Lit. He is my sempai.

2. 彼女は私の1つ上の先輩です。Kanojo wa watashi no hitotsu sempai desu. = Lit.She is my one year older sempai.

3. 彼は私の2つ上の先輩です。Kare wa watashi no futatsu sempai desu. = Lit. He is my two years loder sempai.

4. 先輩にいろいろ教えてもらいました。Sempai ni iroiro oshiete moraimashita. = Lit.(I) received various instructions from sempai

5. いい先輩がたくさんいます。Ii sempai ga takusan imasu. = Lit. There are many good sempai.

6. 先輩たちは厳しいです。Sempai-tachi wa kibishii desu. = Lit. Sempai(s) are strict.

7. 先輩たちは優しいです。Sempai-tachi wa yasashii desu. = Lit. Sempai(s) are kind/gentle.

8. 彼は私の大学の先輩です。Kare wa watashi no daigaku no sempai desu. = Lit. He is my university's sempai

9. 彼女はバスケットボール部の先輩です。Kanajo wa basukettobooru-bu no sempai desu. = Lit. She is (my) sempai of basketball club.

10. 鈴木先輩はとてもいい人です。Suzuki-sempai wa tetemo ii hito desu. = Lit. Suzuki-sempai is a very good person.
後輩 こうはい kouhai = Someone joined the company/schoo/group later than I did.
1. 会社の後輩に仕事を教えます。Kaisha no kouhai ni shigoto o oshiemasu. = Lit. (I) teahch company's kouhai job.

2. 彼は私より二年後輩です。Kare wa watashi yori ni-nen kouhai desu. = Lit. He is two years kouhai than I.

3. 彼女は高校時代の後輩です。Kanojo wa koukou -jidai no kouhai desu. = Lit. She is kouhai of high school days.

4. 後輩の世話をします。Kouhai no sewa o shimasu.. = Lit. (I) take care of (my) kouhai.

5. ときどき後輩にアドバイスをします。Tokidoki kouhai ni adobaisu shimasu. = Lit. Someteimes, I advise (my) kouhai.