に/へ ni/e

~にいきます。~へいきます。...ni ikimasu, ...e ikimasu.
  • に ni = to, "goal"
  • へ e = originally "direction"
  • がっこう いきます。Gakkou ni ikimasu. = (I) go to school.
  • がっこう いきます。Gakkou e ikimasu. = (I) go to school.

ex.

こちらに どうぞ。Kochira ni douzo. = Lit. To here, please.

こちらへ どうぞ。Kochira e douzo. = Lit. To here/this way, please.


うちに かえります。Uchi ni kaerimasu. = Lit. (I) return/go back to home.

うちへ かえります。Uchi e kaerimasu. = Lit. (I) return/go back to home.

へ is pronounced “e” as a particle, “he” in other words.

ex. へん = hen (strange), 返事 へんじ henji = reply


"ni” and “e” are not always interchangeable.

ex.

ともだちに あいます。Tomodachi ni aimasu. = Lit. See/meet (my) friend. ← ○

ともだちへ あいます。Tomodachi e aimasu. ← X

ともだちに プレゼントを あげます。Tomodachi ni purezento o agemasu. = (I) give a present to my friend. ← ○

ともだちへ プレゼントを あげます。Tomodachi e purezento o agemasu. ← X

 

○= OK

X = no good