自動詞と他動詞 じどうしとたどうし v.i. and v.t. (PDF file)

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  • 自動詞 じどうし Intransitive verbs (v.i.) A verb that does not require a direct object is an “Intransitive verb”. The action or state identified by an intransitive verb relates only to the subject of a sentence. Intransitive verbs take subjects only, and in this case the subject is the things or person experiencing or undergoing the action of the verb. In Japanese there is a strong tendency to view and describe an event as something happening by itself often beyond the control of an agent.
  • 他動詞 たどうし Transitive verbs (v.t.) A verb that requires a direct object is a “Transitive verb”. It usually expresses an action in which the activity is directed towards someone or something, as indicated by a direct object. Transitive verbs take subjects, and direct objects (receiver of the action marked by を).
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